The role of Europe
Migration from one place to another has always been a frequent phenomenon in human history. The European Agenda on Migration aims to highlight the different aspects and the complex nature of incentives behind migration, and offers a wide range of remedies. On the one hand it offers immediate tools to prevent more people dying at sea, while on the other hand it provides a European framework for a durable, common migration policy.
Rapid action plan
The beginning part of the EU Agenda on Migration fosters the improvement of rapid action plans for crises. First of all, it envisages further investment the Triton and Poseidon operations, which help save lives of migrants at sea. Second, criminal networks will be better targeted to reduce exploitation of vulnerable migrants. Furthermore, a temporary distribution scheme will be established to ease the pressure in case of a mass influx of asylum seekers, and create a more balanced participation across member states. In addition, the EU has to be able to provide a safe way of resettlement for refugees, which will have a positive effect on the decrease of smugglers and traffickers. A target of 20,000 resettlement places has been pointed out per year. A multi-purpose centre will be set up in Niger to offer provision of information, local protection and resettlement opportunities for people in need. Finally, a new ‘hotspot’ approach will be implemented to help member states in the frontline of migrant arrivals. This includes identifying, registering, and fingerprinting incoming migrants.
Four pillars for a better management
The Agenda on Migration sets out four levels of action for a more robust migration policy. A stronger involvement of migrant leaving countries and EU delegations will reduce the gains and increase risks of forced and irregular displacement. The second pillar will foster saving lives and securing external borders. A new phase of “smart borders” will increase efficiency of fighting irregular migration. A strong asylum policy serves as the third pillar, by new monitoring mechanisms, fighting the abuses of the current system, and guarantees an equal treatment to asylum seekers. As Europe is facing long-term economic and demographic challenges, the forth pillar addresses ways to enhance sustainability of the welfare system, reaping the benefits of migration to ensure growth by creating a welcoming and attractive environment for talented, highly skilled migrants. In order to achieve this goal, the Commission will launch a public consultation on the current Blue Card Directive.