The OSCE emphasises the mutually reinforcing goals of countering terrorism and protecting human rights. Moreover, attention is paid to terrorist radicalisation as a dynamic process, where terrorist violence is perceived as possible courses of action. Therefore, countering VERLT requires a comprehensive approach. Hence, in developing a co-operative, community-oriented approach to counterterrorism, the state needs the support of society. Establishing police-public partnerships makes police actions more accountable and effective in proactively solving problems. In other words, the community-policing approach needs to be embedded in the human rights-compliant strategy to prevent terrorism and counter VERLT.
At the core of this guidebook are the benefits and risks of community-policing to prevent terrorism and counter VERLT. Additionally, attention is paid to the practical guidance on how to implement certain measures and tools, such as communication and engagement with specific groups. For instance, taking into account the principle of democratic policing, relations can be improved between the police and individuals, especially with those who have been hard to reach. Yet, the risk exist that police depends too much on community-policing or that particular communities are stigmatised through selective engagement. Such risks should be reduced in order to keep its position as a legitimate actor who protect its citizens. Therefore, it is emphasised that community-policing tools to prevent terrorism and counter VERLT need careful planning and preparation. This guidebook can serve as a basic for this preparation, in order for the police to seek for public trust and support to generate.