From 1 July to 31 December 2013, Lithuania holds the six-month rotating Presidency of the European Union. It is the first Baltic country to take the EU Presidency. Lithuania also assumes its Presidency in the final period of the mandate of the European Commission and the European Parliament. The Presidency takes place during the European Year of Citizens, and this explains the motto of the Presidency, built around the key words “credible Europe”, “growing Europe” and “open Europe”. Lithuania strives to make progress toward sounder public finances, towards the implementation for the Compact for Growth and Jobs, and towards the strengthening of the EU as a global model of openness and security. Lithuania and several other EU countries attach particular importance to the the Eastern Partnership summit, which provides a setting to discuss with post-Soviet countries on visa agreements, free trade deals, and strategic partnership agreements. Another concern was the EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region, which aims for cooperation in the macro region towards sustainable and smart growth.
Experiencing a rural-urban exodus, together with emigration to other EU countries, the Lithuanian EU Presidency wanted to know more about how cities in Europe are experiencing and dealing with issues of immigration and emigration. Therefor the EUKN publish a research paper investigating the social, economic and territorial effects of cross‐border mobility in the EU. The report, commissioned by the Lithuanian Presidency of the Council of the EU, studies both sending and receiving countries and urban regions to answer three key questions:
What are the main, recent trends in cross-border labour mobility in the EU?
What are the social, economic and spatial effects of out-migration on countries and regions of origin? What policy implications do these effects have?
What are social, economic and spatial effects of in-migration on countries and regions of destination? What policy implications do these effects have?
To find out more about local impacts of intra-EU mobility and about more recent labour mobility trends, the desk research has been supplemented by the description and analysis of a selection of urban case studies. These case studies are presented in part 2 of the paper below. Read more.