Measuring and monitoring immigrant integration in Europe; Integration policies and monitoring efforts in 17 European countries

Europe has spent more than 10 years trying to achieve greater uniformity in integration policy across the Member States. However, the research titled 'Measuring and monitoring immigrant integration in Europe; Integration policies and monitoring efforts in 17 European countries' teaches us that we have to accept that harmonisation in monitoring immigrant integration in Europe is still some way off.

Summary: making integration measurable in Europe

In this kaleidoscopic overview of views about integration and the efforts to make integration measurable in Europe , authors from 17 European countries describe how integration is approached in their country, what the integration objectives of their government are, where the problems lie, and what the implications of this are for monitoring the process of integration over time in their country. The goal is to streamline European efforts to both immigrant integration and monitoring of integration.

Methodology: the political context and policy efforts made with respect to migration and integration

17 separate chapters on 17 countries, written by country experts, answering the same questions for each country on: the political context and policy efforts made with respect to migration and integration, history of migration, whether and how data on migration and migrant integration are gathered, and the form and content of monitoring activities.  The first, introductory chapter provides an overview and comparison of the views and efforts in the 17 countries of research. Additionally, additionally, it outlines the EU-context and gives an overview of migration flows and stocks in the EU.

Conclusion
  • There is a wide variety of views and definitions of migrants and of migrant integration, as well as a variety in the sense of urgency to support immigrant integration. 
  • Especially North-Western and Nordic European countries have formulated an explicit integration policy . It is in these countries that serious efforts have been made to gather data on and to monitor migrant integration. 
  • It is realistic to accept that harmonisation in migrant integration policies and monitoring of migrant integration in Europe is still a long way away. The differences between the countries are still too great with regard to migration flows and migrant stocks. In addition, there are wide differences in policy traditions, also concerning policy information systems and monitoring.

Researchers: Editors: Rob Bijl and Arjen Verweij; experts from 17 countries wrote the separate chapters on 17 Member States.
Publication type: research
ISBN: 978 90 377 0569 0
Publication date: 2012
Organisation: SCP, The Netherlands Institute for Social Research
Contact person: dr. Rob Bijl
Function: vice-director of the Netherlands Institute for Social Research/SCP
Phone: +31 70 340 7141
Email:r.bijl@scp.nl