Survey on Integrated Urban Regeneration in Europe
This report is intended to show the results of the questionnaire entitled "Questions on integrated urban regeneration polices", sent to all European Union 27 Member States, to the three candidates states, and to Norway and Switzerland, and has been developed by a team of experts from the Urban Institute at the University of Valladolid, for the Spanish Ministry of Housing as part of the Spanish Presidency of the Council of the European Union.
Developed as part of the preparatory work of the "Informal Meeting of Urban Development Ministers" which took place on June 22nd 2010 during the Spanish Presidency of the UE Council during the first semester of 2010; the questionnaire was intended to provide a panoramic view of how the various European countries focus on, amongst others, the objectives set out in the "Leipzig Charter on Sustainable European Cities" (adopted at the Informal Ministerial Meeting on Urban Development and Territorial Cohesion in Leipzig on 24/25 May 2007).
As indicated in the introduction of that questionnaire:
“Urban regeneration may be understood as a practice that is applied to existing urban spaces at a variable scale, although always greater than that of the single building. Until now, in some European countries, urban regeneration has been understood mostly as a building practice carried out outside housing policies applied to the city as a whole, intended to recover traditional housing to make it available as an exclusive, top-quality real property product in central urban areas. However, in some countries, urban regeneration has acquired a less elitist character and has focused on deprived, underprivileged and vulnerable urban neighbourhoods and areas, etc. In any case, in Europe, “urban regeneration” seems to be mostly understood as a practice that is to some extent exceptional, rather than substantial, and supplementary to other urban-development practices generally orienting the real property sector.
The two areas of recommendations of the Leipzig Charter —making greater use of integrated urban development policies, and paying special attention to deprived neighbourhoods within the context of the city as a whole— may converge in the ambit of “integrated urban regeneration”. In this regard, it may be worthwhile to explore the possible construction of this concept in the context of EU thinking on sustainable urban development, but to do so it is necessary to begin with the knowledge of urban regeneration as it is conceived by all the Member States. This is the basic purpose of this questionnaire…”
Summary Document and Annexes are accesible on 'Reference Material' section
University Institute of Urban Studies. Valladolid University